This article discusses the extent of municipal jurisdiction over environmental matters. It looks at whether there exist municipal powers that could advance the sustainability goals of the federal and provincial governments. For the most part it is the federal and provincial levels of government that deal with environmental issues. Often times the senior levels of government address point sources of pollution and major projects, but leave non-point sources to local governments. The power to spend money and the power of the environmental assessment are two powers that can be used at the local level to deal with the environment. Generally, the municipalities have power over land use. So it needs to be addressed to what extent does land use overlap with environmental law. This article also looks at existing legislation that grants municipalities their powers. To do this the article looked at purpose sections, general welfare or omnibus powers, enumerated powers, zoning and zoning flexibility tools, subdivisions, building codes and energy codes, nuisance, municipal utilities, provincial policy statements, special statutes engaging municipal jurisdictions, appellate bodies and the environment: environmental assessments, amalgamation/annexation, etc. There are powers under current legislation that could be used by local governments to put in place sustainability measures, but there are many limitations, primarily their interaction with the regulator powers of other levels of government.