There are many issues with drinking water protection within Canada. Unequal access to safe drinking water is especially evident in the First Nation communities, rural, and remote communities in the country. The country does not have a national legally binding standard for drinking water, but has national voluntary guidelines with province establishing their own standards (thus making the standards vary province to province). The federal government is proposing a new framework regarding drinking water quality for First Nations communities, but problems exist within the system. This report seeks to explain what steps are necessary to solve this serious problem.